Understanding Nipple Reconstruction Alternatives after a Mastectomy
The objective of breast reconstruction after a mastectomy is to recreate new breasts to help a patient feel whole and normal after surgery. The traditional mastectomy resects the nipple-areola complex and leaves a woman with a straight line scar across her chest. New mastectomy techniques preserve the nipple-areolar complex so that no nipple reconstruction is needed. Nipple-sparing mastectomies allow a better aesthetic result because the entire skin envelope of the breast is preserved. Not all breast surgeons are trained to perform nipple-sparing mastectomies, however. When the nipple-areola complex is resected, it is possible to reconstruct the nipple and the areola as part of the breast reconstruction.
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